Beneficial effect of low BN additive on densification and mechanical properties of hot-pressed ZrB2–SiC composites
The incorporation of 1 wt% hexagonal BN (hBN) into ZrB2–30 vol% SiC could noticeably better the fracture toughness, hardness, and consolidation behavior of this composite. This research intended to scrutinize the effects of various amounts of hBN (0–5 wt%) on different characteristics of ZrB2–SiC materials. The hot-pressing method under 10 MPa at 1900 °C for 120 min was employed to sinter all designed specimens. Afterward, the as-sintered samples were characterized using X-ray diffractometry (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and Vickers technique. The hBN addition up to 1 wt% improved relative density, leading to a near fully dense sample; however, the incorporation of 5 wt% of such an additive led to a composite containing more than 5% remaining porosity. The highest Vickers hardness of 23.8 GPa and fracture toughness of 5.7 MPa.m1/2 were secured for the sample introduced by only 1 wt% hBN. Ultimately, breaking large SiC grains, crack bridging, crack deflection, crack branching, and crack arresting were introduced as the chief toughening mechanisms in the ZrB2–SiC–hBN system.
Copyright (c) 2021 Saber Haghgooye Shafagh, Shapour Jafargholinejad, Siyamak Javadian
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