Influence of molybdenum content on the microstructure of spark plasma sintered titanium alloys
Five titanium-based alloys containing 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 wt% molybdenum additive were fabricated by spark plasma sintering process at 1200 ˚C. The samples were scrutinized in terms of relative density, phase evolution, and microstructural development. The relative density reached 99.9% with the molybdenum addition up to 16 wt% but slightly dropped in the sample with 20 wt% additive. In the specimens with 4 wt% Mo, molybdenum solved completely in the matrix and three different phase morphologies were observed, namely continuous α-Ti, laminar α-Ti, and very thin laminar β-Ti. With increasing Mo content to 20 wt%, widespread single β-Ti appeared alongside remained Mo and α-Ti. Ductile fracture mode was dominant in the samples with low Mo contents whilst it changed to brittle in the specimens with higher content of molybdenum.
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